Applying Braces | Dental Services | Dentist in Sofia
Applying Braces in Sofia

What are braces?

Braces are non-removable, fixed orthodontic appliances that can only be placed and removed by a dental orthodontist. In some cases, they are visible on the front surface of the teeth, but they have become more of a fashion accessory in recent years, so you should not be worried about wearing them.

Braces are composed of plates and an arch. The plates that are placed in front of the tooth apply pressure to it, causing it to move into the correct position. The arch’s function is to hold the plates and apply pressure to the teeth to correct their position.

When to put braces

Braces are used to correct the position of the teeth on the upper and lower jaw, regardless of the patient’s age. Their goal is to achieve an anatomically perfect dentition, orthognathic bite.

They can be placed on both deciduous and permanent teeth, and the only requirement is that all teeth are present in the oral cavity. If, as a child, you did not receive the necessary care to have a beautiful smile that you have always dreamed of, it’s never too late to correct this mistake and visit the orthodontists at Kavident Dental Center.

Braces are a preferred and effective treatment option even when there are severe forms of orthodontic problems in the oral cavity, which the orthodontist has determined can be corrected without the need for surgical procedures.

Types of braces

Braces are classified into three types based on the material from which they are made. They can be metal, ceramic, or plastic.

1. Metal braces - They are made of high-quality stainless steel, which has a high degree of tolerance. The metal braces have been used for a long time in orthodontics, are less expensive, and are preferred by more patients.

They are placed on the inside and outside of the teeth. However, being on the outside is the preferred option because it minimizes discomfort for the patient and makes them easier to clean. The metal plates are attached to each tooth separately and connected to each other with an arch.

2. Ceramic braces - They are made of high-quality ceramics that are either transparent or in a color that is as close as possible to the teeth color. The connecting arch is made from the same material and is almost invisible. This gives a great aesthetic advantage, but it goes hand in hand with their higher price. Their function and efficiency are the same as that of metal braces.

3. Plastic braces - They are known as aligners. The aligners are the most advanced option among this type of orthodontic appliances and are defined as an alternative to braces. They are transparent and are made of special soft plastic.

They are not permanently fixed to the teeth, unlike the other two types of braces, and can be easily put on and removed, for example, during meals or cleaning. Some people say this is their biggest advantage. Another advantage is that they are almost invisible.

The aligners are used only to correct mild to moderate deviations from the orthognathic bite. They are created according to the individual casting of each patient.

Preparation and how to put braces on

The braces are orthodontic appliances that are tailored for each patient. Therefore, after the consultation, the first step of treatment is to take a panoramic X-ray. Then a pattern is created along with the casting of your teeth, and the braces are made according to that.

It is also important to eliminate any existing problems, such as caries or tartar. Professional mouth cleaning and teeth polishing are also performed.

The braces are inserted into the teeth with the help of a special adhesive material. The arch fits into the so-called locks on each plate, and adjustment is performed.

Duration of braces treatment

The orthodontic treatment is always prolonged, no matter what method is used. The main factor on which the duration depends is the severity of the orthodontic problem. The bigger the problem, the more time it will take to wear the braces for all teeth to improve, and we see the desired result.

In most cases, treatment with braces can last up to three years; however, the most common time frame is between 12 and 24 months. Our orthodontists at Kavident Dental Center can best guide you on how long it will take.

During this period, you will have to visit the dental office for some time to monitor the process and the effect of treatment. Corrections are also possible in the event of discomfort or breakage of a plate.

Braces care

Most patients considering braces treatment are concerned about whether they will be able to withstand the discomfort and how orthodontic devices will affect their daily lives.

There are a few basic rules to follow when wearing braces. The first and most important thing is to maintain good oral hygiene. Our orthodontists from Kavident Dental Center will give you the best advice on exactly how to do this because it has its own specifics when you wear orthodontic appliances.

For example, you will need an interdental brush and floss with a holder to clean your teeth and braces well. Mouthwash is also recommended to neutralize all bacteria in the oral cavity.

In terms of nutrition, it is better to avoid solid foods that require forceful biting - such as apples, carrots, and rusks. It is important to limit all foods and beverages that increase the risk of developing caries as much as possible.

You should also avoid harmful habits, such as gnawing nails or chewing pens because they can cause damage to the braces.

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