What you need to know about oral cysts
The cysts are formations that can appear in different parts of the body. They are often mistaken for tumors, but the difference is significant. Now we will look at cysts that appear in the oral cavity and what causes them.
What are oral cysts
The cysts are pathological cavities filled with cystic (lymphatic) fluid, which is thick and has a rather unpleasant odor. Sometimes it is mixed with pus. This fluid is in the cystic bag of epithelial tissue, which increases its volume if inflammation is not treated properly and on time.
The cysts are easily detected on X-rays. Sometimes they are found during the treatment of a neighboring tooth due to the swelling that accompanies the growth of the formations. Then an X-ray is used to confirm the diagnosis.
Cysts can range in size from a few millimeters to several centimeters depending on their stage of development. In most cases, they are painless formations, but if they develop into abscesses, the pain can become excruciating, and surgical removal is often required. Fistulas, which are abnormal openings in the bone near the root of the tooth, can form in some cases.
Types of oral cysts
The most common type is radicular cysts. They are distinguished by their appearance at the tips of the roots of the tooth. The first stage of their development is characterized by the absence of symptoms, and the causative agent is most often untreated cavities that compromise the root's integrity (pulpitis and granulomas). Cysts can appear as a result of various injuries.
Radicular cysts can be found on both the lower and upper jaws, but they are most common in the front.
It is possible that as they increase in volume, they will cause tooth displacement and negatively impact the nearby bone.
Follicular cysts are also of dental origin and are associated with tooth growth. They form around teeth that have not yet pierced the gums and usually accompany the difficult growth of wisdom teeth. These cysts can also affect the bone and grow more quickly than radicular cysts.
The term "residual cysts" refers to formations found in the edentulous areas of the jaw. They usually appear after removing a severely damaged tooth.
Cysts can also be divided into two: infected and uninfected cysts. Infected cysts can cause serious problems and are associated with swelling and pain, whereas uninfected cysts can grow unnoticed for some time and are very likely to become infected.
How to treat oral cysts
Oral cysts are removed by medication or surgery. The level of development of the formation and its location will determine which option is chosen. Our dentists at Kavident Dental Centre can diagnose and treat patients based on their specific cases.
Oral cysts are often removed without the need for tooth extraction. However, in some cases, it is necessary.
Cyst surgery is a routine procedure that should not frighten you, especially if you are in the hands of a qualified specialist. The most common procedure is osteotomy, the removal of the cyst after filling the dental canal.
Cysts have the unpleasant habit of reappearing repeatedly, necessitating secondary treatment. Therefore, you must pay closer attention and conduct additional research if you are predisposed, as this condition may be associated with other health issues.