Endodontic treatment | Dentist in Sofia
Endodontic treatment in Sofia

Reasons for using root canal treatment

Endodontic treatment is usually required when deep and untreated caries reach the pulp and cause pulpitis. In rare cases, when pulp inflammation is detected at an early stage, it can be treated without killing. However, for the vast majority of patients, it is their only option.

This type of treatment can be caused by various injuries that violate the integrity of the tooth. For example, a blow that caused a fracture.

Symptoms before the need for endodontic treatment

Bacteria can easily enter the inside of the tooth when there is inflammation of the dental pulp. This becomes the cause of severe and prolonged pain.

This pain is caused by the presence of many nerves in this part of the tooth, making it much more sensitive than others. It often does not respond to painkillers and only subsides after a visit to the dentist and the start of endodontic treatment. If the tooth in question has a filling, it must be removed to relieve tension and pain.

Possible complications after endodontic treatment

It is important that endodontic treatment starts on time. Otherwise, an abscess may form. It is an infection of the root of the tooth associated with the formation of pus. It can cause irreparable damage to it as well as the surrounding tissues.

The pain will then become throbbing and may subside if you apply ice. It often spreads throughout the oral cavity. It may also be accompanied by fever; in this case, tooth extraction is the only option.

Stages of root canal treatment

Endodontic treatment is prolonged, but it is also essential to keep the tooth in the oral cavity.

Complete diagnosis before endodontic treatment

The first step is to take an X-ray to determine the condition of the tooth. After that, proceed to remove the seal (if any). This paves the way for the canals to be built.

Endodontic specialists at Kavident use LED lamps and microscope glasses of the latest generation to get a better view and more precision during this specific manipulation, which requires more attention.

Furthermore, the Dental Centre has a modern microscope Zumax OMS2350 LED, which ensures much higher quality and effect of endodontic treatment.

Nerve removal

The most important aspect of the treatment is the removal of affected nerves from the root canals. There is no room for error here because if the tooth closes without being thoroughly cleaned, you will undoubtedly have problems with it in the future, including the possibility of gangrene.

The endodontists at Kavident Dental Centre use the highest quality nickel-titanium files to achieve the best results, and with their help, all nerves are successfully reached. It is critical that the tooth be isolated from the saliva in the mouth during the nerve removal so that bacteria do not enter the canals.

Root canals cleaning

After all of the nerves have been removed, the root canals are disinfected. It is critical to remove all bacteria from the tooth. This ensures that any future inflammation will be avoided.

Filling the root canals

The next step is filling the root canals. However, before we proceed, you must take a new X-ray of the tooth to determine the condition and shape of the canals.

Kavident Dental Centre also employs an electrometric depth measuring tool (J Morita Root ZX II).

When the inside of the tooth is completely dry and disinfected, the root canals are filled. It is necessary to use a material that is easily absorbed by the body. It is tightly applied to the root canals to seal them. Following this manipulation, a third X-ray is taken to visually determine whether all have been filled.

Filling or crown for endodontic treatment?

After the dental specialist is satisfied with the success of all previous manipulations, he will proceed with the tooth construction. A filling or a crown can be placed depending on how much of it was removed to perform endodontic treatment.

At Kavident Dental Centre, we use the most advanced CEREC technology to create a crown. The crown is made and placed in just one visit to the dental office.

In most cases, even if the crown is not placed immediately, it is recommended that this be done in the next few years to maintain the integrity of the tooth. When endodontic treatment is required as a result of trauma, the tooth must be rebuilt to restore its original shape.

Endodontic treatment aftercare

If a crown is not required immediately, it is best to see our dental specialist for regular preventive examinations so that he can best determine the condition of the treated tooth.

We should not underestimate the fact that dead teeth decay and caries develop, which can often go unnoticed due to the greatly reduced sensitivity of the tooth.

In most cases, dead teeth change color. If the tooth that has undergone endodontic treatment is visible in the oral cavity, this can become an aesthetic problem. If this worries you, the solution is to have veneers installed, which can also be done at Kavident Dental Centre.

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